If we talk about foods, then there are so many different types of food we get in India. Among all the food, Indian bread holds a special place. Indian bread is one such category of food that is preferred by people belonging to every region of the country. You will find a number of bread items on the menu at most restaurants across the country. Here’s a complete list of types of Indian bread. The variety of Indian bread items has grown over time, with new varieties being introduced in both the vegetarian and non-vegetarian categories.
Types Of Indian Bread
Chapati is a flatbread made with wheat flour and water. It is the most popular Indian bread, loved by all Indians. This flatbread is cooked on a tava, or hot griddle. The dough for chapatis is usually made of atta, whole-wheat flour, and water. The dough is kneaded well and then rolled out into thin circles. It is cooked on both sides on a hot Tava (griddle) using moderate heat until brown spots appear on both sides.
Khakhra is another popular Indian bread, which is made with wheat flour, curd, and water. It is a crunchy, savory snack that can be eaten as it is or dipped in some spicy chutney or sambar. These crispy crackers are also called ‘coriander’ because of their color and flavor, which comes from coriander seeds that are added to the dough during preparation for making kulchas.
Puri or Poori
Puris are a type of fried Indian bread, often served with breakfast. They’re made from a dough that’s rolled out into thin circles and then deep-fried. Puris can be eaten plain, but they’re commonly served with potatoes or chickpeas in a spicy sauce called chana masala.
Bhaturas are another type of fried Indian bread. Like puris, they’re made from a dough that’s rolled out into thin circles before being deep-fried. They’re typically served with vegetables and lentils in an onion and yogurt sauce called raita.
Sanna is a South Indian flatbread made with wheat flour, rice flour, and salt. The texture of the sanna resembles that of naan but has a stronger flavor and a slightly chewy texture. It is often eaten with curries or simply dipped in ghee (clarified butter).
Baati is a ball-shaped and leavened whole wheat bread, made with atta (flour). It is one of the most popular North Indian dishes. Baatis are usually served with dal or curries, but they also make a healthy breakfast with some honey or jam.
Naan means bread in Persian and is widely popular in India as well as Pakistan. It is usually leavened with yeast and baked in a clay oven called Tandoor. Naans are stuffed with vegetables, cheese, or meat and are served with curries like Butter Chicken or Palak Paneer, etc. They can also be enjoyed plain as a snack or breakfast item.
Sheermal or Shirmal
This thin layered flatbread is made from maida (refined flour), which makes it crispy on the outside and soft on the inside. Sheermal/Shirmal is often served at breakfast along with pickles and chutneys or even topped with scrambled eggs and veggies for brunch!
Thepla is one of the kinds of bread often served with curries such as dal or sabzi. Thepla is an unleavened flatbread that’s usually made with whole wheat flour and water. This bread has many variations: some people add yogurt and oil to their dough before frying it; others add spices to their dough before cooking it; still, others make their dough with refined flour instead of whole wheat flour.
This is a deep-fried circular-shaped snack made out of wheat flour and gram flour (besan). It is usually stuffed with potatoes and spices. Kachoris are often served during special occasions like Diwali.
Thalipeeth is another type of flatbread that is popular in western India (Gujarat). It consists of wheat flour, jaggery, ghee (clarified butter), and salt. Thalipeeths are usually eaten with curries like dal, or vegetable stew made out of lentils or beans, along with pickles or raita (yogurt-based dish).
The litti is a type of stuffed paratha made with wheat flour and stuffed with potatoes. The stuffing is cooked in a separate pan before being added to the paratha dough. It is then cooked in a tandoor (clay oven) and served hot with a curry or chutney.
Taftan is a type of Indian bread that originated in the state of Maharashtra. It is made by kneading maida flour, adding ghee or oil to it, then rolling it out into small balls and flattening them out into discs before deep frying them.
A paratha is a type of Indian bread that originated in the state of Punjab. It is made by kneading atta flour along with ghee or oil, adding spices and herbs to it before folding it over repeatedly until it forms layers, and is then baked on an open flame or in an oven.
Bakarkhani or Baqarkhani
Bakarkhani is a type of Indian bread that is usually prepared with wheat flour. It is popularly known as baqarkhani in the North Indian region and bhakri in the South Indian region. The North Indian version of this bread has a softer and fluffier texture compared to the South Indian variety. Bakarkhanis are usually eaten with spicy curries.
Kulchas are another type of Indian bread that is made from wheat flour, yeast, water, and baking powder. They have a thick crust on top and a soft bottom, which makes them perfect for soaking up sauces and gravies.
They are traditionally served with butter or ghee, but you can also eat them plain without any accompaniments. Kulchas are typically eaten during breakfast, as an evening snack, or even during dinner if you’re in India!
Pitha is another variety of Indian bread that uses wheat flour, water, and salt to make the dough. This type of dough is typically fried in oil before eating or serving. The fried pitha can be eaten plain or dipped into a sauce such as a curry sauce or chutney sauce.
Pithas are typically served as an appetizer or snack rather than as part of an entree meal, although other types of Indian bread may be served as part of an entree meal.
Bhakri is a type of bread made from a variety of grains and cereals. It is also referred to as roti, chapati, or phulka in different parts of India. This type of bread is available in both wheat and rice varieties.
Appam is a soft, chewy, and thin pancake made from rice flour and fermented black gram dal batter. Appam is popular in southern India, especially Kerala, where it has become an integral part of the cuisine.
Dosas are thin, crispy crepe-like pancakes made from fermented rice batter (dosa batter). They are often served with chutneys or other side dishes like sambhar or rasam. Dosas are usually served for breakfast or brunch, but they can also be enjoyed during lunch or dinner time too, depending on the region you are visiting in India.
These are deep-fried stuffed pancakes made with flour, water, salt, and oil. They are usually served with spicy gravies for breakfast or other meals. You can use it as a base for any type of vegetable or paneer stuffing.
Puran Poli or Poli
Puran Poli is a special type of Indian bread that is popular in the state of Maharashtra, and it is traditionally eaten during festivals. It is made with wheat flour, jaggery, ghee, and coconut. Puran Poli is often served with sweetened milk called rasgullas or rabdi, but you can also eat it with yogurt or kheer.
A Pathiri is a steamed rice flour roll that has been baked on a griddle over a charcoal fire. It is typically eaten as breakfast or snack with coconut chutney and tomato chutney along with egg curry or pickle sambar. You can also use it as an accompaniment to main dishes such as chicken curry or mutton curry etc.
Parotta is one of the most popular Indian breads. It resembles a thick, flat, layered cake with many layers. The layers are made by brushing oil or ghee on the dough and folding it several times before cooking. Parotta is usually eaten with curries, but you can also eat it as a snack or dessert.
Tandoori Rotis are prepared in tandoors (Indian clay ovens) and have a distinct pattern of cracks on their surface. They are made from atta (whole wheat flour) and have a yellowish color due to the addition of turmeric powder into the dough mixture during the kneading process.
What Is The Most Popular Bread In India?
The most popular bread in India is Chapati. It is a flatbread made from wheat flour and water. It is usually cooked on a tava or griddle. The dough for chapati is rolled out into small balls, which are then flattened between the palms of the hands to make small discs that are about 5 inches in diameter. These discs are cooked on both sides until golden brown spots appear.
Chapatis are usually eaten with vegetable curries and dal (lentils). They can also be stuffed with paneer (Indian cottage cheese), potatoes, and other vegetables or meat.
Another popular variety of Indian bread is Naan, which is basically an oven-baked roti or chapati that is generally leavened with yeast and baked in an oven until golden brown spots appear on its surface. It is commonly served with kebabs and curries at most Indian restaurants around the world.
What Is The Thin Indian Bread Called?
The thin Indian bread called Roti is made by stretching and rolling out a dough consisting of refined wheat flour, water, oil or ghee, and salt. This can be done by hand or with a rolling pin. The dough is then passed through a hot tava (griddle) to cook both sides. The roti is commonly cooked on an open flame but can also be cooked in an oven.
Roti is usually served with various curries, meat dishes, and other foods such as dal (lentils) and vegetables. It can also be used as an alternative to chapati, which is another type of Indian unleavened flatbread that is rolled out to make round discs instead of circles like roti.
The word “roti” means bread in the Hindi language, so it would appear that this food item has been around for quite some time!
Which Indian Bread Is Soft?
The bread that is soft in India is the one that uses maida as the main ingredient. This is because maida is a type of flour that makes the bread soft. The most popular and famous types of Indian bread are:
- Roti: It is made from maida and has various names such as chapatti, roti, phulka (in Hindi), roti canai (Malaysia), paratha (North India), and so on.
- Paratha: It is made by rolling out dough and then frying it. It can be made with wheat flour or maida flour. The roti that has been rolled out thin is called phulka in Hindi.
- Naan: This is also made with wheat flour or maida flour but it has been kneaded together with yogurt which makes it slightly sour in taste.
As you can guess from the topic, Indian bread is a wonderful assortment. We’d like to extend our sincerest thanks for your interest in this article, and hope it has brought a broader and clearer perspective on the types of Indian bread. Each one has its own unique taste and recipe. Furthermore, they are all delicious! So next time you’re at an Indian restaurant, order some naan, tandoori roti, or plain roti, and give it a taste for yourself.